AAA Historical Americana - World Exonumia.
EXONUMIA Defined: "Exo-numia": "Exo-"
or "Out-of", and "Numia" or "Numis", numismatic or a coin. Thus EXONUMIA basically
refers to coin-like objects, such as tokens and medals. It has been expanded to include all similar non-coin items,
including odd-shaped, badges with lower medals, counterstamped coins, dog tags, etc.
|Coin.||Pieces issued by a Government or other authority to serve as money in commerce. Generally metal. Not exonumia, but included for reference.|
|Token.||Issued by entities other than governments, with an exchange value, with a denomination stated or implied. Circulated as money, generally in a specific region.|
|Medal.||Generally a circular or round piece, issued for artistic or souvenir purposes, not for commerce. Created for awards, commemoration, recognition or tradition, without exchange value. Did not circulate and are generally found in near-mint condition.|
|Medallion.||A large medal, over 15 centimeters.|
|Medalet.||A small medal, generally 32mm or under.|
|Plaquette.||An oblong, square or angular shape.|
|Plaque.||A larger rectangular pieces, at least 20 centimers in one direction.|
|Jeton.||A gaming token (jetton)|
|Badge.||Worn on clothing, often consisting of a top pin and medal or fob, for events, membership, etc.|
|Watch fob.||Used with leather strap attached to watch, to pull watch out of watch pocket. Often advertising various products, generally uniface (one sided).|
|Ribbon.||Cloth or fabric ribbon, imprinted on one or both sides, sometimes with top pin, identifying wearer as member of a group, or to express agreement.|
|Pocket Mirror.||Small celluloid covered mirror, sometimes given to ladies. Generally imprinted with advertising. Larger paperweight mirrors also exist. Round and oval mirrors exist. Rectangular mirrors are more modern.|
|Button.||Metal or celluloid button with reverse pin or attachment device, advertising political parties or products, events, etc. Not a clothing button.|
|Love Token.||A governmental coin, usually with one side shaved off and hand-engraved with name, initials or scenes.|
|"Made-From" or Relic Medals.||Medals made in whole or in part from other items, usually stating their origin, generally sold to raise funds.|
|Counterstamped.||A governmental coin, stamped with letters, names or devices, to change the value or for advertising. Also, countermarked. Chopmarked coins are generally stamped Oriental marks.|
|Elongated coin.||A governmental coin, elongated in a press to impress wording or devices onto the coin, as a souvenir.|
|Encased coin.||A governmental coin encased in an outer ring, with advertising on the ring.|
|Macerated.||Shredded paper money, made into an object, generally with bits of the money design still visible.|
|clackers, flickers, chinky-tin, dugaloos||Coal mine script, coal script, coal tokens.|
|Numismatic||Coin, token, medal or paper money related. Alternative spellings: numatic, numisatic, nunisatic, munismatic, numesmatic, pneumatic, numismaitic, nunisnatic, numimatic, nomismatic, newmismatic, amunistac, numusmatic, nuismatic, numastic, numerismatic, numistic, numistatical, numismastic, numismatical, nunismetic.. Numismatology.|
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